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Pentecost in the New Testament
There is much confusion and false information related to this special day. This mostly relates to the understandings of the Old Testament instructions.
We should first recognize that there was a difference between the day the wave sheaf was brought to the priests (Lev. 23:10) and the day it was waved as an offering (Lev. 23:11). These two events were not on the same day!
As stated in the Passover/Unleavened Bread topics, we believe that the fourteenth of Nisan is the first day of Unleavened Bread and a Holy Day. We say this because the scriptures support this, but most importantly, we need to ask ourselves: What was the most cherished day in the history of mankind? It can be no other day then, when the Christ willingly allowed himself to be sacrificed, so that mankind would have a means to have their sins forgiven! The animal sacrifices that the Israelites performed were only temporary and did not forgive their sins, the sacrifices only appeased God until the time of the Anointed.
This historical day is known by most and occurred on Nisan 14 (Hebrew calendar).
So, since the fourteenth of Nisan was a Holy Day or High Sabbath and the Christ was killed on this day and buried before the fifteenth day arrived. This would represent the bringing of the first, of the firstfruits, to the priests as an offering for all. But, the waving of the firstfruit to be accepted by God, did not occur until three day later or after the weekly sabbath!
Most understand that the Christ was in the tomb for 3-days and 3-nights or about 72 hours. This would have occurred between the beginning of a Thursday and the end of Saturday (note: the Israelite day began at sunset, not midnight). The Anointed is then resurrected physical. After, a brief encounter with Mary of Magdala, he goes to the place of angels and where God’s image is! This would represent the offering (the Christ) being accepted by God.
The reality is that the counting of the days would begin on the day the wave sheaf was “brought” to the priest, not when the sheaf was “waved” to be accepted!
The event in question first occurred in Joshua 5:10-11.
When this event is reviewed we should go back to Lev. 23:14. The instructions are clear, the Israelites could not eat of the harvested crops (that they would harvest) of the promised land until the offering was “brought” to priests. Yet, it is understood that they (Israelites) did eat of the “old corn” or the crops that were already harvested by the Canaanites (Joshua 5:12).
The reason for this delay was simple. The Israelite men had just gone through the process of circumcision and working on a sabbath or Holy day was forbidden. The extra few days would allow for healing and set-up the support of the sacrifice of the Anointed. This would cement this event in the history of man!
Then came the Day of Pentecost.
Many assume that we are to count the 50 days each year leading up to this Holy day! Yet, this is not necessary. The calendar date that this day occurs is always on the fifth of Sivan (Hebrew calendar). God’s High Holy days always fall on a certain calendar date, not on a day of the week. The only special day of the week is the Holy Seventh Day (Genesis 2:3), which is the weekly sabbath!
When we review Leviticus 23:15-17 we see the instructions for a sacrifice on the fiftieth day, which included two wave loaves. These two wave loaves are what would be understood as and represent two groups of believers that have followed God’s ways through-out history and are recognized by Pentecost.
The first group: The 144,000 or the bride of the Christ. These individuals are special, because they are martyred (killed) for their faith in God’s ways and belief in the Christ as the Son of God. They have not or will not deny the Christ, even though certain death is required for those who refuse! Most of this group have already endured their martyrdom, yet the bible states that more will follow, mostly during the latter days just before the return of the Christ!
The second group: These individuals are those invited to the wedding banquet of the Christ. They are the ones who have faith in the Christ and adhere to his instructions, yet have not seen him. They would have avoided martyrdom in one way or another, but mostly because of the time period they lived.
These two groups will be the governmental authority on earth (under the Christ) when the Anointed re-establishes the Kingdom of God on this planet.
So, the actual day that Pentecost should be observed is: Sivan 5 (Hebrew calendar) yearly.